Historical Background
Geographic Location
Administrative Division
Mineral Resources
Natural Conditions
Population Statistics
简体 | 繁體 | ENGLISH September 3, 2008
Historical Background  
Historical Background
Release time:2017-08-22

  On February 5th, 1965, a written ‘Reply regarding the Establishment of the People’s Committee of Panzhihua Special Region’ was issued jointly by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council. On March 20th, the People’s Committee of Panzhihua Special Region was officially inaugurated. In April, the State Council replied to the Sichuan provincial People’s Committee, approving the request to change Panzhihua Special Region to Dukou Municipality, which covered a total area of 1,411.96km2 including both banks of the Jinsha River (’Golden Sand River’).

  In October 1974, approved by the State Council, the towns of Pingdi and Dalongtan of the Yongren County in Yunnan Province were allocated to the jurisdiction of Dukou Municipality.

  In July 1978, by decision of the Sichuan provincial government, the towns of Hongge, Xingjiu, Mengxing and four production brigades of Heai Town of Huili County became part of Dukou.

  In October of the same year, approved by the State Council and decided by the Sichuan provincial government, the counties of Miyi and Yanbian of Xichang Prefecture came under the jurisdiction of Dukou. By then, the area covered by the Municipality had increased to 7,434.4km2.

  In January 1987, with approval of the State Council, the Municipality was renamed Panzhihua.

  In March 2002, according to document No.[19] issued by the Panzhihua Civil Affairs Bureau, the administrative region of Panzhihua covered a total area of 7,440.398km2.


  Historical Background of the City

  Located on the Jinsha River, Panzhihua, formerly known as the Shangba and Xiaba Village, was formed around the eighth year of Tongzhi Reign Period of the Qing Dynasty (1869). Because of the ancient and tall kapok (panzhihua in Chinese) tree at the entrance to the village, it was named ‘Panzhihua Village’.

  It is on the ‘Digest of Profiles of All Counties (Yanbian County) of Ningshu Region’ published in April 1940 that the name of ‘Panzhihua Village’ was first seen on the map. In June of the same year, the geologist Tang Kecheng came to Panzhihua Village for investigation, and in 1942, submitted ‘The Iron Ore Deposits Geological Report for Panzhihua and Daomakan in Yanbian County, Xikang Province’, which is the first official discovery of Panzhihua iron ore.

  After the founding of new China, the first geological survey in 1953 confirmed that Panzhihua and its surrounding areas have large iron ore deposits. On February 27, 1956, when He Changgong, secretary of the Party Leadership Group and executive vice minister of the Ministry of Geology, reported to Chairman Mao on the geological survey, he referred to the ‘Panzhihua type iron ore (Ti & V-bearing magnetite)’. In March of the same year, Li Siguang, minister of the Ministry of Geology, also mentioned that large iron ore deposits had been found in Panzhihua by the Jinsha River when he reported to Chairman Mao.

  At Chengdu meeting held on March 21, 1958, Chairman Mao signed and issued the report ‘Whether the Pace to Develop the Steel Industry Can Be Quickened’ rendered by Wang Heshou, minister of the Ministry of Metallurgical Industry, which meant the approval of the idea of developing Panzhihua.

  On February 5, 1965, a written reply regarding the establishment of Panzhihua Special Region was issued jointly by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council. On March 4, on the ‘Report on Boosting the Development of Panzhihua Industrial Zone’ put forward by Lv Dong, minister of the Ministry of Metallurgical Industry, and Xu Chi, general director of Panzhihua Special Region, Chairman Mao Zedong wrote a comment ‘A Good Report’. Thus, the day was appointed as the ‘development and construction commemoration day of Panzhihua’, which is also the establishment commemoration day of Panzhihua Municipality’.

  On April 22, 1965, for the sake of confidentiality, the State Council issued the ‘Reply Regarding the Name Change of Panzhihua Special Region’, approving the request to change Panzhihua Special Region to Dukou Municipality.

  1987年1月23日,On January 23, 1987, under the approval of the State Council, Dukou Municipality was renamed Panzhihua.


Overview of the City


   One can learn about Panzhihua from the following six aspects.  

   First, one flower. Panzhihua is the only city in China named after a flower. ‘The flower is a city, and the city is a flower’. Panzhihua, also known as kapok, is in full bloom every year in February and March. From a distance, the flowers look like magnificent red clouds, adding a beautiful decoration to the city. With per capita GDP, fiscal revenue and income of urban and rural residents, industrialization rate, urbanization rate and other indicators ranking first or second in Sichuan, this flower city outshines other cities in the province. In 2016, the city's regional GDP is 101.468 billion yuan, that is, 82,200 yuan per capita, ranking first in the province; local general public budget revenue is 5.676 billion yuan, ranking second per capita; income of urban and rural residents reach 32,860 yuan and 14,057 yuan, respectively, ranking second; the industrialization rate is 67.5%, ranking first; the urbanization rate is 65.34%, ranking second.  

   Second, two rivers. Panzhihua is the first city on the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, where the Jinsha River merges with the Yalong River. Its annual transit runoff volume is 110.2 billion cubic meters, and 7 million kilowatts of electricity can be generated, which makes it a national key hydropower base. With an installed capacity of 3.3 million kilowatts, the Ertan Hydropower Station in Panzhihua is the largest hydropower station in China put into operation in the 20th century. 

   Third, the Third Front Construction. Panzhihua is an immigrant city established according to the need of the Third Front Movement of China. In 1960s, the Central Committee of the Party gave top priority to the construction of Panzhihua in the Movement, and Chairman Mao Zedong strongly advocated its construction and made a written instruction on it. On February 5, 1965, Panzhihua Special Region was formally established; on April 22 of the same year, its name was changed to Dukou Municipality; on January 23, 1987, it was renamed Panzhihua. In the early days of its construction, responding to the calls at the time such as ‘For the people, get ready for war and get ready for famine’ and ‘Choose the best people and best horses for the Third Front’, hundreds of thousands of construction workers flocked to Panzhihua. As a result, Pangang, the first large-sized iron and steel enterprise in west China was built, which was praised as a miracle of a hundred li (a Chinese unit of length, equal to1/2 kilometre) steel city created on a barren land. 

   Fourth, four name cards. Panzhihua is China's Capital of Vanadium and Titanium. It has enriched V-bearing titaniferous magnetite resources. Panzhihua has a retained vanadium reserve of 10.2 million tons, accounting for 63% of that in China and ranking third in the world, and a retained titanium reserve of 439 million tons, accounting for 93% of that in China and ranking first in the world. It has a crystal graphite reserve of 15.55 million tons, ranking first in west China and third in the whole country. With 20.77 million tons of raw Juque inkstone, Panzhihua is known as the ‘Source of Juque Inkstone in China’. It is now trying every effort to forge the five ‘One’ projects, namely, one national V & Ti key laboratory, one national V & Ti quality inspection center, one national V & Ti exchange, one national V & Ti high-tech zone, and a group of competitive V & Ti enterprises.Panzhihua is China's sunshine and flower city. It has a south subtropical dry hot valley climate, with annual sunlight of about 2700 hours and frost-free period of 300 days or more. The sun shines and flowers bloom all the year round. From spring to winter, kapok, jacaranda mimosifolia, Delonix Regia, rhododendron, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, bougainvillea speetabilis and other flowers put forth their blossoms one after another. It enjoys a forest coverage rate of 60.1%. Panzhihua is China's health and pension resort. Relying on sunshine, climate, environment and other unique natural conditions, Panzhihua first proposed the concept of ‘health and pension’, and focuses on cultivating new business modes such as ‘health and pension + agriculture’, ‘health and pension + industry’, ‘health and pension + medical treatment’, ‘health and pension + tourism’ and ‘health and pension + sports’. The first domestic health and pension college was founded in Panzhihua. It has been listed among China's Top 10 Cities for Cold Escaping, China's Top 50 Cities for Health and Pension, and China's Top 10 Cities for Respiratory Environment, and become one of the first group of national pilot cities for the integration of pension and medical industry, China’s demonstration city for sunshine health and pension, and the first demonstration base in Sichuan Province for health and pension tourism. The slogan of ‘Bring your parents to Panzhihua for their health’ is widely spread throughout the country. Panzhihua is the south portal of Sichuan. Located in the southernmost point of Sichuan, it is 614 km from Chengdu in the north, 273 km from Kunming in the south, and connected to Lijiang and Dali in the west. It is Sichuan’s nearest city to South Asia and Southeast Asia. A series of Panzhihua– ASEAN business cooperation & exchange activities were carried out. Panzhihua has been listed among the first group of national professional demonstration bases for foreign trade transformation and upgrading, and it is also the first one in Sichuan Province. At present, ASEAN has become the main export market of Panzhihua. 

   Fifth, five counties (districts). Under the administration of Panzhihua Municipality were three districts and two counties, that is to say, Panzhihua has rice (mi in Chinese, referring to Miyi County) and salt (yan in Chinese, referring to Yanbian County), east (referring to the East District) and west (referring to the West District), and enjoys favorable climatic, geographical and human conditions (renhe in Chinese, referring to the Renhe District). Covering an area of 7401.4 square kilometers, Panzhihua has permanent resident population of 1,235,600. There are 42 ethnic groups, including Han nationality accounting for 87% of the total population and dominant minority nationalities such as Yi, Lishu and Miao. 

   Sixth, six favorable conditions. Panzhihua is very favorable for human recuperation at six aspects. First, ‘elevation’. The elevation most suitable for the survival of mankind is 1000 ~1500 meters, while the elevation of Panzhihua’s downtown falls into this range. The heartbeat rate of people living here increases by 10% to 20%, and their sleep, lung function, hematopoietic function and other physiological indicators can be significantly improved, so it is helpful to speed up body metabolism, promote brain health and prolong life. Second, ‘temperature’. The most comfortable temperature for human body is 18 ~ 24 ℃, while the annual average temperature of Panzhihua is 20.3 ℃. There is no severe cold in winter and no insupportable heat in summer. It is especially suitable for escaping cold and health preservation. Third, ‘humidity’. The most comfortable humidity for human body is 45 ~ 65%, while the annual average humidity of Panzhihua is generally 55~60%. Its comfortable and dry weather all the year round exerts notable natural therapeutic effects on curing rheumatoid arthritis, bronchitis and other common diseases. Fourth, ‘cleanness’. It mainly refers to the cleanness of air. When PM2.5 is less than 35 micrograms/cubic meter, the air quality is excellent. Generally, in over 95% days of a year, people in Panzhihua can breathe excellent or good air, and in 2016, this figure is up to 100%. PM2.5 there is less than 32 micrograms/cubic meter throughout the year, which makes Panzhihua a especially good place for patients suffering from respiratory disease. Fifth, ‘excellent agricultural products’. As the only subtropical fruit production base in Sichuan, Panzhihua provides fresh fruits throughout the year. What is worth mentioning is mango. Growing in the northernmost latitude and the highest elevation, Panzhihua mango is the latest to appear on market compared with mangoes planted elsewhere. Due to its excellent quality, it sells well at home and abroad. Sixth, ‘harmony’. 98% of the urban populations come from all over the country, which makes it become an open, inclusive, and a harmonious city. Citizens of Panzhihua enjoy an increasing sense of gain, happiness, pride and belonging. Panzhihua is the only demonstration city in Sichuan that is listed among the first group of nationwide harmonious communities. 

   As praised by Comrade Deng Xiaoping, ‘it is richly endowed by nature’. Panzhihua is a city full of vitality and hope. Guided by the positioning of a ‘National Innovative Development Pilot Zone for Strategic Resources and a ‘Nationwide Sunshine Tourism Destination for Health and Pension’ defined in the 11th Congress of Party Representatives of the province, the Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government will unite and lead all citizens to make full use of the two advantages, namely, V & Ti and sunshine. Panzhihua will strive to accelerate the construction of China’s Capital of Vanadium & Titanium, Sunshine and Flower City of China, Health and Pension Resort in China, and South Portal of Sichuan (‘four accelerations’), and deepen the development of Pan-Xi Innovative Development Zone for National Strategic Resources, National Vanadium & Titanium High-tech Industry Development Zone, National Modern Agricultural Demonstration Zone, and China's Demonstration Zone for Sunshine Health and Pension Industry (‘four zones’ driving forces). By doing so, hopefully it will speed up the construction of new economic growth sources for Sichuan, and lead the province in building an all-round well-off society.

Sponsor: Panzhihua Municipal Committee of the CPC, Panzhihua Municipal People's Government
Undertaker: Office of Panzhihua E-government Construction Leading Group,
Management Center of Panzhihua E-government Construction
Translation support: Panzhihua TopTran Service ICP registration: Shu ICP 05023179